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Annals of Dermatology 2013 Feb; 25(1): 80~83
Annals of Dermatology 2013 Feb; 25(1): 80~83

New World Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Treated with Intralesional Injection of Pentavalent Antimony
Ji Yeon Shin, Young Bok Lee, Baik Kee Cho, Hyun Jeong Park
Department of Dermatology, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Cutaneous leishmaniasis is a skin infection caused by the Leishmania species, an intracellular protozoan parasite that is transmitted by various species of female sandflies. According to the geographic distribution and vectors, leishmaniasis is classified as Old World or New World cutaneous leishmaniasis. In Korea, 24 cases of Old World cutaneous leishmaniasis have been reported, but New World cutaneous leishmaniasis has not been reported as yet. A 37-year-old man presented with a 3-month history of a painful and erythematous nodule with two satellite papules on the left postauricular area and a papule on the left arm after traveling to the Amazon region in Brazil. After we performed skin biopsies of the lesions, diagnosis of cutaneous leishmaniasis was made by the histopathological findings. After intralesional injection of sodium stibogluconate (Pentostam, GlaxoSmithKline) twice a week for 4 weeks, the lesions improved with scarring. Herein, we discuss this case of New World cutaneous leishmaniasis that was successfully treated with intralesional injection of sodium stibogluconate (Pentostam) in Korea. (Ann Dermatol 25(1) 0∼83, 2013)
Annals of Dermatology 2013 Feb; 25(1): 80~83
Keyword : Cutaneous leishmaniasis, Leishmaniasis, Sodium stibogluconate (Pentostam)
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